March 2019 Volume LIV Number 2

 
 
 
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Preconference Course

May 2012 Volume XLVIII Number 3

Thursday, May 24
11 AM – 5 PM


Preconference Course: Fascinating Forensics – The CSI of Pediatric Dentistry PD, DT, S
James Downs, M.D.; Rod Englert; Dayle Hinman


Ever want to do more in your community but not sure how to get involved? Does forensic dentistry pique your interest? Do you ever wonder how some of those high-profile cases get solved? Are you a "CSI" junkie? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you will not want to miss the preconference course this year! We have assembled three experts in their field to include: an FBI pathologist, a criminal profiler and investigator and an expert in crime scene reconstruction and blood spatter interpretation.
If you’re wondering what this has to do with pediatric dentistry, sign up for the course to find out. Learn what other pediatric dentists are doing in their communities to give back and help with disaster recovery efforts.
 
The Devil is in the Details: Criminal Profiling from an Investigators Perspective (Hinman)
 
Criminal profiling has been the subject of countless movies, television programs and novels. The profilers are frequently portrayed as individuals with special psychic abilities. Often this ability is rooted in victimization or some serious physical or personality flaw. In reality, profilers are investigators who draw upon their own experience, specialized
training in forensic and behavioral science and empirically developed information about the characteristics of known offenders. Essentially they are the historians of crime information. Far from a magical event, profiling is an investigative technique that was developed and refined by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

It is a process of systematically reviewing and analyzing crime scene information. The major personality, behavioral and demographic characteristics of the offender are suggested based upon an analysis of the crimes. People are not profiled. Rather, the offender’s interactions with the victim(s) within the context of the crime scene(s) are examined in great detail. Criminal profiling does not end with a list of offender characteristics, but includes an investigative strategy to assist the investigating agency to focus on the most likely suspect.

Using specific case examples, the attendees will be given the opportunity to understand how these complicated cases were resolved. Participants will gain a greater understanding of criminal profiling and better appreciate
the efficacy of collaborative working relationships between the various professional disciplines involved in criminal investigation.

Get Acquainted with the CSI Effect in America, Especially in High-Profile Cases (Englert)

After this presentation, attendees will be able to:
  • • Understand the importance of forensic physical evidence in criminal trials;
  • • Understand the importance of blood patterns at crime scenes and how the blood can be read;
  • • Understand how homicide scenes are reconstructed using physical evidence from the crime scene and see actual examples of putting the pieces back together in some murder cases.
The Past Helping the Future: Study of the Civil War Submarine H.L. Hunley (Downs)

In February of 1864, at the height of the American Civil War, the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley attacked and sank the Union sloop-of-war U.S.S. Housatonic. It thus became the first submarine in history to sink an enemy vessel in combat. Shortly after the attack, however, the submarine and its crew mysteriously disappeared, and their fate was not determined until 1995, when the Hunley was found buried on the seabed off the coast of Charleston, S.C. The submarine was subsequently raised and transported to a laboratory, where an interdisciplinary team has been excavating and documenting the boat and its contents. The combination of forensic specialties with more various mainstream scientific specialties.
 
All death investigation hinges on accurate scene investigation. In the discipline of archeology, the first step is to develop an accurate site reconstruction. Likewise, the handling of the physical remains involved close collaboration between all the disciplines, including pathology, anthropology, and toxicology. The efforts to follow a basic forensic principle (least invasive before more invasive testing) during the examination of the human remains led to the creation of a novel approach to the recovery and examination of the remaining intracranial tissues after completion of the anthropologic examination. These efforts allowed documentation of relevant physical findings and re-evaluation to ensure stability integrity of findings. Assessment of the apparent differential decomposition of the eight crewmen provides evidence for how the submarine went down and was eventually buried. Issues encountered in the toxicologic examination of the crew have included additional challenges posed by the burial matrix, specifically marked iron contamination from the ship’s hull.
The interdisciplinary panel involved in the project has proven effective in cross-fertilization between the various specialties and in so doing, created novel methodologies in an effort to answer the fundamental question of all death investigation: "What happened?" Specialized techniques developed/improved in this venture include archeology site mapping and three-dimensional computer modeling of a burial, including the matrix, remains, and associated artifacts; cranial contents stabilization and recovery following anthropology examination and facial reconstruction
efforts, and forensicarcheotoxicology of historic remains.